Review of Glass-Ceiling Effect on Women Employees


  • Waruni Thiranagama Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka



Career Development, Glass-ceiling, Women


Women participation in the workplace has increased dramatically in recent years, yet the women in the the highest positions of the organizations are still rare. Women face greater barriers that are different from those of their male counterparts when moving up the career ladder. Glass-ceiling refers to situations where the advancement of a qualified person within the hierarchy of an organization is halted at a particular level. The paper discusses the glass ceiling of women employees and the nature of the glass ceiling among the women in society. Further it provides a critical analysis on the glass ceiling by giving empirical evidence from different authors. Evidence shows that glass ceiling is still prevalent around the world. However, cooperates do not believe the existence of glass ceiling, which makes the situation worse by hiding reality. They argued that glass-ceiling effect is a myth created by society. Moreover, it is argued that the lack of women employees in the top positions of the organizations is not because of the glass-ceiling was there but because the factors within the women employees hinder their movements to the top positions in the organizations. Hence glass ceiling remains still debatable.


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How to Cite

Thiranagama, W. (2021). IS GENDER PLAYS A ROLE IN WORKPLACE? : Review of Glass-Ceiling Effect on Women Employees. JBFEM, 4(1), 1-8.